Friday, May 31, 2019
Super AthletesIn the last ten years there has been a drastic form in professional athletics. Players are coming out of college much bigger, faster, and stronger than players of the past. When players reach the High School level of sports it is forced upon them that their sport is twelve months long, and it is basically a job. Players are expected to run and condition, as well as lift weights every day in the off-season. Players training so hard and so much they come out of college fully matured and developed. Jevone Kearse of the Tennessee Titans was given the nickname, The Freak, due to his massive size, amazing speed, and phenomenal strength his rookie year in the NFL. Players are much bigger than they were twenty years ago. In 1979 the NFLs heaviest offensive lineman, Max Montoya of the Bengals, weighed 285 pounds. At the NFL scouting combine in February, 48 of 53 offensive linemen weighed to a greater extent than 300 pounds (Oehser 2). The receivers are still fast, and the fastest guys these days are generally as fast as they were then. The difference is in who is running these speeds. As an event former Cowboys wide receiver and Olympic gold-medal sprinter Bob Hayes, ran a 4.4 forty yard dash, and he weighed 185 pounds. Jevon Kearse is 30 pounds heavier and he runs only 3/10 of a second slower in his forty yard dash (Oehser 2). Athletes are driven by a fierce competitiveness to achieve at the highest levels. Athletes in professional sports getting bigger, faster, and stronger, has led to drastic changes in the entire world of sports. More frequent and severe injuries are occurring, which is leading to changes in rules, and proposed changes for current rules. Equipment has in addition changed along with demands according to the physique of the players. Some have proposed changes in size and dimensions of the playing field in both the NHL and NBA. As players continue to get bigger, stronger and faster, the collisions surrounded by them cau se more and more serious injuries. In the first four weeks of play in the NFL in 2001 there were 22 serious injuries, with five cases resulting in broken bones, eleven players tearing ligaments in their knees, and six severe sprains (King 106). With bone shattering collisions due to increased player speed and size, leagues have been forced to change rules and policies on hitting and contact between players.
Thursday, May 30, 2019
Contrary Interpretations of The Yellow Wallpaper The Yellow Wallpaper was first published in New England Magazine in 1892. Charlotte Perkins Gilman, an advocate for the advancement of women, authored the short story. She intended the piece to bring to light the inherent ineptitude of the Weir Mitchell rest cure. Though this subject is addressed, many other apt topics are broached, ever so subtly. Other themes in the book include the role of women in a society dominated by men, the role of the mother, and how subjection can affect the mind of a creative individual. These themes, however, can be altered merely by how the tale is edited. I intend to point issue some of the pertinent differences that exist between the full text of the story and an abridged version, describing how they give the same story contrary interpretations. To better understand the differences I will be noting, one may find it helpful to be familiar with the basic plot of The Yellow Wallpaper. Both versions r elate the story of a woman losing her mind. She has not been feeling well for some time, so her husband, a physician, decides a summer spent relaxing in the country would benefit her. enchantment there, she is forbidden to write in her journal, as it indulges her imagination, which is not in accordance with her husbands wishes. Despite this, the narrator makes entries in the journal whenever she has the opportunity. Through these entries we mark off of her obsession with the wallpaper in her bedroom. She is enthralled with it and studies the paper for hours. She fancies she sees a woman trapped behind the pattern in the paper. The story reaches its climax when her husband moldiness force his way into the bedroom, only to find... ...woman being driven mad by her position in life. The wallpaper merely serves as a catalyst for her breakdown. This instructive discrepancy, as well as the loss of authenticity and finally the weakening of Johns power, ultimately leaves the two versions of The Yellow Wallpaper open to vary interpretations. Works Cited Gilman, Charlotte Perkins. The Yellow Wallpaper. Ed. Dale M. Bauer. Bedford Cultural Edition. Boston Bedford/St. Martins, 1998. ---. The Yellow Wallpaper. Great American Short Stories. Pleasantville Readers Digest, 1977. 195-206. Works Consulted Golden, Catherine, ed. The Captive Imagination A textbook on The Yellow Wallpaper. New York Feminist Press, 1992 Kasmer, Lisa. Charlotte Perkins Gilmans The Yellow Wallpaper A Symptomatic Reading. Literature and Psychology. 36, (1990) 1-15.
Wednesday, May 29, 2019
C++ Programming LanguageC++ is a universal scheduling language, which considerably eases and comforts the work of a professional programmer. Roundly, C++ is an enhancement of C programming language C++ offers flexible and effective tools of determination of new data types, which help programmer to go bad up his work into a number of easily controlled parts. Custom data types can be composed into some objects (called classes), specified by the programmer. Such objects atomic number 18 simple and reliable to be used in the situations, when data types are hard to be defined on the stage of compiling. Programming by employ such objects is called Object Oriented Programming, and C++ is one of the most popular OOP languages. Origin of C++ takes source from programming languages of C with Classes, which have been developing during beforehand(predicate) 80th at the AT&T Bell Labs. C with Classes has been used for big projects of modeling and testing of opportunities in programming, whic h required minimum of process retrospect and time. But C with Classes was not satisfying with its lack of virtual functions and links, and that is why the specialists borrowed some features and tools (like classes) from another programming language, Simula. The name C++ has been invented by Rick Mascitti in autumn 1983 it indicates an evolutional transformation from C to C++, because ++ symbolizes the function of increment in C. Since C++ must be classified as an extension of C programming language, it did not receive a name of a higher level group of languages, D. Early versions of C++ proved to be efficient for understand of growing complexity of the programming problems. Standard version of C++, released in 1998, includes the Core of the language and Standard Template Library, a modified version of C Library. C++ presented a lot of new functions and opportunities for a programmer. First of all, those are features of managing with the classes, like constructors, virtual function s, or implementation of encapsulation, abstraction, polymorphism, and inheritance. Besides, C++ offers some improvements in the really programming operations, like using declarations, namespaces, function overloading, default arguments, function-like casts, run-time type identification, inline functions, and many others. Design of C++ is modern and convenient, besides, C++ supports various programming styles (like OOP, data abstraction, etc.).The main advantage of C++ is its object orientation. Strategy of OOP helps to develop a great variety of software and to satisfy growing needs of modern programming.
Equality and equal opportunity are two terms that have changed or have been redefined over the last 100 years in America. The fathers of our constitution wanted to establish justice and secure liberty for the people of the United States. They wrote close freedom and equality for men, but historically it has not been enforced. In the twentieth century large steps have been made to make the United States practice the ideals declared in the Constitution and Bill of Rights. The major changes following Rosa Parks refusal to give up her bus seat to a five-year-old white man and the Brown v. Board of Education trial in 1954. These Supreme Court rulings altered American society and began the consolidation and integration movements. In the 1950s many writers took interest in writing about segregation, desegregation, integration and black history in general. Many historians write about segregation mum existing forthwith and the problems in which integration never had the chance to corre ct.Many works about desegregation were written in the years to follow, was it a sober idea and would it last? Murray Friedman, Roger Meltzer and Charles Miller put a collection of essays together in the mid 70s discussing integration and the many different views pertaining to desegregation in its first fifteen years. Major changes have taken place in American lives that have not been fully absorbed in our thought process that cause confusion and bitterness. The authors agree that the original goal of civil rights forces was the dismantling of school systems segregated under law, despite the strong resistance, was successful in well-nigh places. Pennsylvania is one state that issued programs to integrate schools that were successful. Another topic addressed in New Perspectives on check Integration is the study of ethnic groups in schools. At the time programs only study the present or dominant ethnic group at a specific school. It changes from school to school kinda than get wi nding ethnicities of many different American groups. The goal in teaching American ethnic culture should include a wide range of content. If schools were to teach all ethnicities to every child, no matter their race, it would benefit and prepare students whom will be entering an integrated society instead of a desegregated society.Desegregation effectuate on the achievements of black and white students show improvement. James Coleman ... ...States was founded on principles of equality, liberty and the right to exercise them freely. In the Constitution the ideals of the American Creed have thusly become the highest law of the land. Kozol also describes the American Dilemma and brings it to life for his readers. The values of the American Creed have historically not extended on a equal basis. The fallacy lies in the ideals of American foundations, if Americans would live up to the lofty ideals, then the race problem in the United States would disappear. Segregating still does exist today and will keep living until we are able to go into cities and change their education program and make funding and instruction equal.BibliographyFriedman, M., R. Meltzer, C. Miller. New Perspectives on School Integration. Philadelphia Fortress Press, 1979Harris, Ian M. Criteria for Evaluating School Desegregation in Milwaukee. The Journal of Negro Education, Vol.52, No.4 (Autumn, 1983), 423-435.Kozol, Jonathan. Savage Inequalities Children in Americas Schools. New York, New York Crown Publishers Inc., 1992.Samuels, Albert L., Black Colleges and the scrap to Desegregation. Lawrence, Kansas University Press of Kansas, 2004.
Tuesday, May 28, 2019
There are many incompatible things that are the cause of genial disorders. Alcoholism, brain tumors, strokes, and damage to the brain are a a couple of(prenominal) causes of mental disorders. Mental disorders can also result from birth. There are many health care services for mental disorders. Three occupations that help the symptoms of mental health are psychiatrist, neurologist, and a clinical psychologist. Each of these occupations, psychiatrist, neurologist, and a clinical psychologist, treat mental health symptoms differently, have different requirements of education, and are authorized to different rights concerning the patient.A psychiatrist is iodine occupation that helps deal with mental health problems. A psychiatrist deals with mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders of the mind. This person has completed years of medical school, one year of internship, and has passed a state license exam. Since psychiatrists are physicians, they can prescribe medicines to treat con ditions. Some of the types of disorders that a psychologist treats are clinical depressions, manic depressions, psychotic, schizophrenia, MPD (multiple personality disorder), and post-traumatic centering disorder.A neurologist is another occupation that deals with mental health. A neurologist is a physician who specializes in organic disorders of the brain and nervous system. This person has a degree in medicine, postgraduate training and experience in this field, certification as a specialist, and a state li...
There are many different things that are the cause of moral disorders. Alcoholism, brain tumors, strokes, and damage to the brain are a few causes of mental disorders. Mental disorders can also result from birth. There are many wellness care services for mental disorders. Three occupations that help the symptoms of mental health are psychiatrist, neurologist, and a clinical psychologist. Each of these occupations, psychiatrist, neurologist, and a clinical psychologist, treat mental health symptoms differently, have different requirements of education, and are authorized to different rights concerning the patient.A psychiatrist is one occupation that helps deal with mental health problems. A psychiatrist deals with mental, emotional, and behavioral disorders of the mind. This person has completed social classs of medical school, one year of internship, and has passed a state license exam. Since psychiatrists are physicians, they can prescribe medicines to treat conditions. Some of t he types of disorders that a psychologist treats are clinical depressions, manic depressions, psychotic, schizophrenia, MPD (multiple personality disorder), and post-traumatic stress disorder.A neurologist is another occupation that deals with mental health. A neurologist is a physician who specializes in organic disorders of the brain and nervous system. This person has a point in time in medicine, postgraduate training and experience in this field, certification as a specialist, and a state li...
Monday, May 27, 2019
Jewish American Literature holds an essential place in the literary hi explanation of the united States. It encompasses traditions of piece of opus in English, primarily, as well as in other languages, the just about important of which has been Yiddish. While critics and authors generally acknowledge the notion of a characteristic corpus and practice of create verbally about Jewishness in America, more writers resist being pigeonholed as Jewish voices. Also, many nominally Jewish writers cannot be considered instance of Jewish American publications, matchless example being Isaac Asimov.Beginning with the memoirs and petitions composed by the Sephardic immigrants who arrived in America during the mid 17th century, Jewish American writing grew over the subsequent centuries to flourish in other genres as well, including fiction, poetry, and drama. The first notable voice in Jewish- American lit was Emma Lazarus whose poem The New teras on the Statue of Liberty became the grea t hymnal of American immigration. Gertrude Stein became one of the most influential prose-stylists of the early 20th century.The early ordinal century dictum the appearance of two pioneering American Jewish storys Abraham Cahans The Rise of David Levinsky and Henry Roths Call it Sleep. It reached some of its most mature expression in the 20th century Jewish American novels by Saul Bellow, J. D. Salinger, Norman Mailer, Bernard Malamud, Chaim Potok, and Philip Roth. Their work explored the conflicting pulls between secular society and Jewish tradition which were acutely felt by the immigrants who passed through Ellis Island and by their children and grandchildren.More recent authors like Nicole Krauss, Paul Auster, Michael Chabon, Jonathan Safran Foer andArt Spiegelman have continued to examine dilemmas of identity in their work, turning their transmition especially to the Holocaust and the trends of both ongoing assimilation and cultural rediscovery exhibited by younger genera tions of American Jews. Arguably the most influential of all American- Jewish novels was Leon Uris hegira. Its story of the struggle to create the modern state of Israel translated into Russian became the inspirationfor hundreds of thousands of Russian immigrants to Israel. Modern Jewish American novels a good deal contain (a few or many) Jewish characters and address issues and themes of importance to Jewish American society such as assimilation, Zionism/Israel, and Anti-Semitism, along with the recent phenomenon known as New Anti-Semitism. Two Jewish- American writers have won the Nobel Prize, Isaac Bashevis Singer and Saul Bellow. Bernard Malamud is considered one of the most prominent figures in Jewish American literature. BERNARD MALAMUD ( 1914-1986).Malamuds stories and novels, in which reality and fantasy argon frequently interfaced have been comp atomic number 18d to parables, myths and analogies and often illustrate the importance of moral obligation. Although he draws u pon his Jewish heritage to address the themes of sins, suffering, and redemption, Malamud emphasizes human contact and compassion over Orthodox religious dogma. Malamuds characters, while often awkward and isolated from society, evoke both pity and humor through their attempts at survival and salvation. Sheldon J.Hershinow observed come out of the everyday defeats and indignities of ordinary people, Malamud creates beautiful parables that capture the joy as well as the pain of disembodied spirit he expresses the dignity of the human spirit probing for freedom and moral growth in the face for hardship, injustice, and the existential anguish of life. BIOGRAPHY Malamud was born on April 28, 1914, in Brooklyn, New York, to Russian Jewish immigrants. His parents, whom he described as gentle, honest, kindly people, were not highly educated and k newfound very little about literature of the blinds There were no scripts in the house, no records, music, pictures on the wall. Malamud att ended high school in Brooklyn and received his bachelors degree from the city College of New York in 1936. After graduation, he worked in a factory and as a clerk at the central bureau in Washington, D. C. Although he wrote in his spare time, Malamud did not begin writing seriously until the advent of the Second World War and the subsequent horrors of the Holocausts. He questioned his religious identity and started reading about Jewish tradition and history .He explained I was concerned with what Jews stood for, with their getting down to the barebones of things. I was concerned with their ethnically how Jews felt for they had to live order to go on living. In 1949, he began teaching at Oregan State University he left this post in 1961 to teach creative writing at Bennington College in Vermont. He remained at that place until shortly before his death in 1986.Starting in 1949, Malamud taught four sections of freshman com stick each semester at Oregon State University (OSU), an exp erience fictionalized in his 1961 novel A New Life. Because he lacked the Ph. D., he was not allowed to teach literature courses, and for a number of years his rank was that of instructor. In those days, OSU, a land grant university, placed little emphasis on the teaching of humanities or the writing of fiction.While at OSU, he devoted 3 days out of every week to his writing, and gradually emerged as a major American author. In 1961, he left OSU to teach creative writing at Bennington College, a position he held until retirement. In 1967, he was made a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.In 1942, Malamud met Ann De Chiara (November 1, 1917 March 20, 2007), an Italian-American papistical Catholic, and a 1939 Cornell University graduate. They married on November 6, 1945, despite the opposition of their respective parents. Ann typed his manuscripts and reviewed his writing. Ann and Bernard had two children, Paul (b. 1947) and Janna (b. 1952). Janna Malamud Smith is th e author of a memoir about her father, titled My set out is a contain. Malamud died in Manhattan in 1986, at the age of 71. WORKS OF MALAMUD Malamuds first novel, The Natural (1952 ) ,is considered one of his most symbolic works .While the novel ostensibly traces the life of Roy Hobbs, an American baseball player , the work has underlying mythologic elements and explores such themes as initiation and isolation. For instance, some reviewers cited evidence of the Arthurian fable of the Holy Grail others applied T. S. Eliots wasteland myth in their analyses The Natural also foreshadows what would become Malamuds predominant narrative focus a suffering protagonist struggling to reconcile moral dilemmas, to act according to what is right, and to accept the complexities and hardships of existence.Malamuds second novel, The Assistant (1957), portrays the life of Morris Bober, a Jewish immigrant who owns a grocery store in Brooklyn. Although he is struggling to survive financially, Bober hires a cynical anti-semitic youth, Frank Aloine after learning that the man is homeless and on the verge of starvation. Through this contact Frank learns to find grace and dignity in his own identity. Described as naturalistic fable, this novel affirms the redemptive take account of maintaining faith in the goodness of the human soul. Malamuds first collection of short stories, The Magic lay, (1958) was awarded the National Book award in 1959. handle The Assistant, most of the stories in this collection depict the search for hope and intend within the grim entrapment of poor urban settings and were influenced by Yiddish folktales and Hasidic traditions. some of Malamuds best known short stories, including The Last Mohican, Angel Levine, and Idiots First, were republished in The Stories of Bernard Malamud in 1983. A New Life (1961), considered one of Malamuds most true-to-life novels, is based in part on Malamuds teaching career at Oregon State University.This work focuses on a n ex-alcoholic Jew from New York City who becomes a professor at a college in the Pacific Northwest. It examines the main characters search for self-respect, while poking fun at life at a learning institution. Malamuds next novel, The Fixer (1966), is one of his most powerful works. The winner of both the Pulitzer Prize and the National Book Award, this book is based on the historical account of Mendel Beiliss, a Russian Jew who was accused of murdering a Christian child.With The Tenants (1971), Malamud returns to a New York City setting in a contrast between two writersone Jewish and the other African Americanstruggling to survive in an urban ghetto. Malamud further addresses the nature of literature and the role of the artist in Dublins Lives (1979). In this work, the protagonist, William Dublin, attempts to create a sense of worth for himself, both as a man and as a writer. Malamuds last finished novel, Gods Grace (1982), studies both the original Holocaust and a new, imagined Ho locaust of the future.The novel is a wild, at times brilliant, at times confusing, description of a flood similar to that in the Bible story of Noahs ark. Malamud continued to place stories in return American magazines. Mervyn Rothstein reported in the New York Times that Malamud said at the end of his life, With me, its story, story, story. In Malamuds next-to-last collection, Rembrandts hat, only one story, The Silver Crown, deals with Jewish themes. Malamud is also renowned for his short stories, often oblique allegories set in a dreamlike urban ghetto of immigrant Jews.Of Malamud the short story writer, Flannery OConnor wrote I have discovered a short-story writer who is better than any of them, including myself. He published his first stories in 1943, Benefit Performance in Threshold and The Place Is Different Now in American Preface. In the early 1950s, his stories began appearing in Harpers Bazaar, Partisan Review, and Commentary. The Magic Barrel was his first published c ollection of short stories (1958) and his first winner of his first National Book Award for Fiction.Most of the stories depict the search for hope and meaning within the bleak enclosures of poor urban settings. The title story focuses on the unlikely relationship of Leo Finkle, an unmarried rabbinical student, and Pinye Salzman, a colorful wedlock broker. Finkle has spent most of life with his nose buried in books and therefore isnt well-educated in life itself. However, Finkle has a greater interest the art of romance. He engages the services of Salzman, who shows Finkle a number of potential brides from his magic barrel but with each picture Finkle grows more uninterested.After Salzman convinces him to meet Lily Hirschorn, Finkle realizes his life is truly empty and lacking the passion to love God or humanity. When Finkle discovers a picture of Salzmans daughter and sees her suffering, he sets out on a new mission to save her. Other well-known stories included in the collection are The Last Mohican, Angel Levine, Idiots First, and The Mourners. This last story focuses on Kessler, the noncompliant old man in need of social security and Gruber, the belligerent landlord who doesnt want Kessler in the tenement anymore.Malamuds fiction touches lightly upon mythic elements and explores themes like isolation, class, and the conflict between bourgeois and artistic values. His prose, like his settings, is an artful pastiche of Yiddish-English locutions, punctuated by sudden lyricism. Writing in the second half of the twentieth century, Malamud was well aware of the social problems of his day rootlessness, infidelity, abuse, divorce, and more. But he also depicted love as redemptive and sacrifice as uplifting.In his writings, victory often depends on cooperation between antagonists. For example, in The Mourners landlord and tenant learn from each others anguish. In The Magic Barrel, the matchmaker worries about his move daughter, while the daughter and the rabbi nic student are drawn together by their need for love and salvation. Malamuds third story Rembrandts Hat collection is noteworthy for its consistently pessimistic tone and theme of failed communication in stories such as My Son the Murderer, The Silver Crown, and The letter.The volume The People, and Uncollected Stories contains an unfinished novel about a Russian Jewish peddler in the American West who becomes a circulate and is kidnapped by Indians. It also includes fourteen stories written between 1943 and 1985. LIST OF OTHER NOTABLE JEWISH AMERICAN WRITERS Aimee Bender novelist and short story writer, known for her often fantastic and surreal plots and characters Saul Bellow, novelist that won the Pulitzer Prize, the Nobel Prize for Literature, and the National Medal of Arts Bernard Cooper, novelist, short story writer E. L.Doctorow, novelist Richard Ellmann, literary critic, won National Book Award for Nonfiction Barthold Fles, literary agent and non-fiction writer Emm a Goldman, anarchist writer Joseph Heller, author of Catch-22 Christopher Hitchens, literary critic and political activist Irving Howe, literary critic Roger Kahn. The Boys of summer 1972 Jerzy Kosinski, author of The Painted Bird Emma Lazarus, poet and novelist Fran Lebowitz, author, known for her sardonic social commentary on American life through her New York sensibilities Seymour Martin Lipset, political sociologist. Reggie Nadelson, novelist known curiously for her mystery works Mark Obama Ndesandjo, author, half-brother of President Barack Obama Cynthia Ozick, short story writer, novelist, and essayist Jodi Picoult, novelist Ayn Rand, novelist and founder of Objectivism Lea Bayers Rapp, non-fiction and childrens fiction writer Philip Roth, known for autobiographical fiction that explored Jewish and American identity. Norman Rosten, novelist J. D. Salinger, author of The Catcher in the Rye Gary Shteyngart (born 1972) Russian-born writer Isaac Bashevis Singer, leading figure in Yiddish literature, won Nobel Prize George Steiner (born 1929) literary critic Daniel Stern, novelist Leopold Tyrmand, writer Judith Viorst (born 1932) author, known for her childrens literature Elie Wiesel, Holocaust survivor and author of 57 books CONCLUSION The situation and the position of the Jewish-American writer have unceasingly been different from that of the other ethnicities in America and still remain so until today.One difference is highlighted by a comparison with the African-American writers. The marginal position of black authors has disappeared on the book market in the United States, but the themes of alienation and anger will not vanish as readily from their works. sooner of integration into the Literary and artistic mainstream, black writers and artists wanted, especially since the Black Arts Movement of the 1960s, to arrive at their own forms of literary expression which would have direct relevance for their lives.They wished to answer the question of their relationship to white mainstream culture by implementing a multicultural strategy their literature is not that of assimilation, but in many ways that of establishing difference, separatism, and cultural resistance. While with the African-American writers there is no sense of the success or even desirability of social and cultural integration into the predominantly white mainstream of American society, many Jewish-American authors felt it as necessary and desirable, and as a result even managed to acquire it.Indeed, a great number of modern-day Jewish-American writers such as Norman Mailer, Saul Bellow, Joseph Heller, Bernard Malamud, Arthur Miller, Philip Roth and others have had literary success. The language employed by these writers is standard American English, they are socially accepted, and their works are read by a wide Jewish and non-Jewish audience. For this reason it is widely considered that their texts form part of a recognized literary canon, and belong to the American literary center or mainstream, as far as this may still be defined today.As much as we agreed to this idea we cannot dilute several facts which underline the necessity to view Jewish American literary productions as shaped by strong ethnic forces, and Jewish American literature as both belonging to and standing out in the multicultural American landscape. BIBLOGRAPHY Books Sanford, Sternlicht Masterpieces of Jewish American Literature Cristina, Nilsson Jewish American Literature Bernard Malamud, Philip Roth and Cynthia Ozick Websites http//en. wikipedia. org http//www. swiftpapers. com http// take in of Form.
Sunday, May 26, 2019
Calculations- Liabilities and Assets for PepsiCo Inc. based on their consolidated Balance Sheet Current Ratio= 10,454 (Current Assets) = 1. 11% 9,406 (Current Liabilities) 2005 2004 Current Ratio= 8,639 (Current Assets) = 1. 28% 6,752 (Current Liabilities) Vertical Analysis- 2005 %= 1,716 ( coin, and Cash Equivalent) = 0. 054 or 5. 4% 3,1727 (Total Assets) Vertical Analysis- 2004 %= 1,280 (Cash and Cash Equivalent) = 0. 46 or 4. 6% 27,987 (Total Assets) swimming Analysis- 2005 (10454 (total actual assets 2005) / (8639 (total current assets 2004) = 1. 2101 Or 21% Horizontal Analysis- 2004 (9404 (total current liabilities 2005) / (6752 (total current liabilities 2004) = 1. 393 Or 39% These analysis show that the PepsiCo has had an increase in assets by 21%, with an increase in liabilities of 39%. This is a result of the company obtaining to a greater extent liabilities. Calculations- Liabilities and Assets for Coca-Cola Co. based on their consolidated Balance Sheet 2005 Current Ratio= 10,250 (Current Assets) = % 9,836(Current Liabilities) 2004 Current Ratio= 12,281 (Current Assets) = % 11,133(Current Liabilities) Vertical Analysis- 2005 %= 4,701(Cash, and Cash Equivalent) = 0. 1598 or 29,427(Total Assets) Vertical Analysis- 2004 %= 6,707(Cash and Cash Equivalent) =0. 133 31,441(Total Assets) Horizontal Analysis- 2005 (10250 (total current assets 2005) / (12,281 (total current assets 2004) = 0. 8835 Or 83. 5 % Horizontal Analysis- 2004 (9,836(total current liabilities 2005) / (11,133(total current liabilities 2004) = Or 88. 35% These analysis show that the Coca-Cola Co. have had a decrease in assets between of 83. 5%, and more of a decrease in liabilities of 88. 35% between the years 2004-2005.
Saturday, May 25, 2019
INTRODUCTIONThe tradition is coming since long back the feed state taking depends upon the systems of the local, neighborhood and bendd by the patents and guardians. The people are accustomed to stimulate the food that type only and they do not want to change their food and it is casingd to increase of fat, cholesterol, excess cant over etc. Taking of such food attraction of blood pressures, heart strokes and other diseases. The main suffers will be the family members. It is not ends with the person it extends to next generation also because the same jeans to the children. There should be some cut of point and it is now itself.IMMEDIATE REMEDIESThe people identified their diseases and troubles by analyzing the diseases and started to get relief from the diseases by making exercises, taking weight loss pills. The medical industry so increased that one of the main source of income from weight loss pills. The manufacturing companies of pharmaceuticals and research wings concentrat ing more time with pressure how much they can release the weight loss pills with better quality to give top hat results.The concentration is so much that they are free less importance to change surface other products for which the interest of community countered. Variety of exercising equipments released by giving various advertisements stating the weight loss can be made using of such of exercise equipment. The Community simply following according to the advertisements and acting base on the advertisements.CONCLUSIONThese are all linked with and based on the food. The people are not identifying this thing and they are following with the advertisements. What is the main cause all for such things? Taking of the imbalanced food. Each body of ours differs other. But we are taking the food what mother feed and what father taken and habituated to take that food only which attracts all such diseases. At this juncture everybody needs to change their food according to their body.The cha nge of food, balanced diet definitely influence on the body. Everybody goes to the consultants for weight but instead they should go first of all NUTRITIONIST for prescription what type of food their body needs. In the present scenario, even the government should give wide publicity on nutrition whereas the Society involved and benefited at large.
Friday, May 24, 2019
Question: How the concentration of acid (HCl) can be determined by titrating it using base (NaOH)? Essay
How the parsimony of acid (HCl) can be formd by titrating it using base (NaOH)?Chemicals needed1- Phenolphthalein (color indicator).2- Sodium hydroxide (NaOH) concentration of 0.5 molar.3- Hydrochloric acid (HCl), with unknown concentration.Equipments needed1- Flask.2- Pipette (uncertainty 0.05cm3).3- Burette (uncertainty 0.05cm3).4- PH meter.5- Gloves, lab coat and plastic eye protection.Steps1- Add a known peck of HCl using pipette in the flask.2- Add 2 swings of phenolphthalein in the flask using the pipette.3- Shake the flask until the color changes to red.4- Start to add NaOH on the HCl, drop by drop.5- After each drop shake the flask to accomplish the mixing of the acid with the base.6- Take readings of PH time value using the PH meter, afterwards each drop.7- When HCl color turns to blue, immediately stop adding NaOH, this indicates the neutralization target.8- To be sure that HCl is neutralized add few drops of NaOH on HCl.9- Repeat the experiment to obtain more than accurate info.Data collection and processingThe table below shows the values of PH recorded over the five trials and indicates the neutralization point at a specific chroma of NaOH added(1.0) table shows the data collected during the trialsBelow is the table produced after changing the volume of NaOH to the better measurable unit, also after adding the PH values for each volume added of NaOH then divide them by the number of trials to come out with the average PH value.(1.1) table showing the processed dataAverage PH value0.019313.30.019413.40.019513.50.019613.50.019713.50.019813.50.019913.30.020007.30.020101.70.020201.50.020301.3The graph below shows the graphical relationship between volume of NaOH added in dm3 versus average PH valueAs calculated at the neutralization point which is nearly equal to 7, the volume of NaOH added is approximately 0.0250 (0.0000450) dm3To calculate the concentration of base, it is most enviable to use the equation belowNow substituting the concent ration, also volume of the acid (HCl) and the volume added of the base (NaOH), then0.6 Molar polish and evaluation-Conclusion It is concluded that the concentration of HCl in the lab that all the trials occurred in is 0.6 Molar. It is concluded that titration of acid using base must be repeated many time to accomplish more accurate results.Evaluation The usage of a digital PH meter may affect the accuracy of the data, as it produces systematic errors. The volume of phenolphthalein may play a role on the volume of HCl in the flask. Concentration of NaOH may not be exactly 0.5 molar as there might be impurities. The PH value as shown from the data collected is changing at a high manner near to the neutralization point therefore it is not easy to know the precise concentration of NaOH. Calculating the PH value to indicate the rate of reaction, is not precise, because the PH has a logarithmic function not a linear function, then there will be a small change in the PH value patch ther e will be big change of H+.Improvements Using a digital instrument to drop exactly 1.0 cm3 in each drop. Using a base with primary standard to titrate HCl may be more accurate to indicate the value of it is concentration. Using a pipette with less uncertainty may help in improving the data collected. Using a burette with less uncertainty can determine more accurate results.
Thursday, May 23, 2019
Ethan Frome had nonhing but sickness and trouble. His life revolves around taking charge of one invalid subsequently another, from his father, his mother to his hypochondriac wife and finally ending up as a impair and very image of ruin of a man. He failed to achieve any of his ambitions to leave townsfolk and become an engineer and did not succeed scour in his desire to run away with Mattie Silver. Aside from poverty, the starchy moral character of Ethan prevents him from going against the social conventions in favor of his personal ambitions and executement.Set in New England, in the rural town of Starkfield, Massachusetts, this literary mend was written by Edith Wharton in 1922. The bleak environment of seemingly endless winter aptly sets the tone of the storey and the fate of Ethan Frome. A narrator who was coerce to stay in Starkfield because of a workers strike was instantly fascinated by Fromes appearance that looks quite old for a man of fifty-two and disfigured si nce an accident twenty-four years ago when he first saw him placeside of the post office.He went on to find out more or so him as he had the story, bit by bit, from various people, and, as generally happens in such cases, each duration it was a different story (1). The story of Ethan Frome is a portrayal of a passive and unhappy man who is weighed down by his duty to his wife and his bitter existence as a misfortunate farmer. Ethan had been in Starksfield since his youth when his father died and he had to come home to take c be of his ailing mother and their farm. Prior to this event, he was taking a technological course in Worcester but the lack of money prevented him from realizing his dream to become an engineer.He decided to marry Zenobia Pierce or Zeena, his cousin who came to help him care for his mother, after the burial as he was afraid to spend the winter wholly. Though Zeena was lively and cheerful at first, she later on mow unsounded and indisposed. He woulf often think that had his mother died in the springtime he would not have thought of offering marriage to Zeena. Her illnesses became her obsession as she would go on a monthly trip to Bettsbridge to see her doctor. For rural towns like Starkfield, people with sickness or complications are common topic for conversations and are singled out for a great fate.Zeenas illness became her weapon that she uses to take control of the household and of Ethan. Mattie Silver actually came to the Fromes to do the household chores in transfigure for the food and shelter as she was also destitute after the death of her parents. Since she was not used to doing housekeeping, Ethan would help her out in doing her chores just so she would not incur the wrath of Zeena. Ethan at long last fell in love with lively and cheerful Mattie who gave Ethan respite from the isolation and loveless match with a sickly and whining woman.The extramarital relationship however advances to no more than holding of hands as both Mattie and Ethan are too afraid to defy the forces of social and marital duties. The time came though that Zeena decided to send Mattie away because of a broken red pickle dish that is symbolic in the story of the marriage of Ethan and Zeena. The idea of sprightliness apart from each other was unbearable for Mattie and Ethan that upon the suggestion of the former, they went on to take a sleigh ride that would crash them into the big elm tree.The attempted self-annihilation failed leaving Ethan disfigured and Mattie a paralyzed woman. The irony of the story is that in the end Zeena seem to overcome her illness and became the caregiver of the now invalid, whining Mattie and the lame Ethan. The stallion life of Ethan Frome had been a series of dreams destroyed because of the mint of him being poor and his adherence to social duty. His opportunity to leave town and finish education to eventually become an engineer was hindered when his father died and he has a farm and an ailin g mother to take care of.Their farm as he said was side-tracked when the railroads where dictate up and no more people came to town. He blames this as the cause as to why his mothers condition deteriorated. It could also mean the alienated opportunities for the town and also to him as the place got left behind in the course of development. Ethan was one of the people stuck in Starkfield, a place where most of the happy ones get away(14) as Harmon Gow, the stage driver in the story, aptly puts it. The bleakness that surrounds Starkfield, for one thing, is not an environment that would nurture youth and create a field for dreams to come true.The narrator in the story noted that although he initially felt invigorated by the clear blue skies and shocking snow-covered of snow, this was soon followed by long periods of cold and darkness that he begun to lowstand the deadness of the community (15). In an environment that was neither nurturing nor bountiful, Ethan is further subdued in to the knotty web of harshness and scarcity. The Fromes practically had to eke living from what little they could get from their farm for their survival. The connection between the land and the people is symbolic in the story.The environment do life for the townspeople difficult such as when Ethan and another man had to struggle in the sleet just to be able to transport logs. Starkfield is isolation in itself, with the places beyond it seen as a place to get away so as to seek a different fortune or emancipation from the drab and coldness of the place. The limitations of the environment coupled with poverty further intensified the lost potentials of Ethan Frome. There was the poignant scene where the narrator accidentally left his biochemistry daybook in the sleigh and later on sees it in Fromes hand.Ethan was both fascinated and humbled by the book as he exclaimed, There are things in that book that I didnt know the first word about (18). It shows that Ethans curiosity and inte llect had very few outlets in that kindly of environment. For a fifty-two year old man who found excitement in a book, it is painful to think of what he could have been had he got the demote to explore his potentials. The conflict between personal passion and social convention is another theme portrayed in the story. The character of Zeena and Mattie were so different that the subscriber would readily understand the choice of Ethan between them.Mattie symbolizes beauty and energy in her ways, in the colors that she uses from the ribbons in her hair to the dish that she illicitly uses whereas Zeena possesses the deathly and sickly qualities in life. The sexual and emotional frustration in the marriage of Zeena and Ethan is symbolized by the unused pickle dish. Though shown as Zeenas most prized possession, it remains at the topmost of the china closet left and unused. The barren relationship that they have is further portrayed with them not having children and hardly ever sharing a conversation.Ethan fell in love with Mattie and had come to hate Zeena but his strong sense of marital duty prevents him from deciding to be with Mattie. He acts with uncertainty and frustration under the looming shadow of his obligation to Zeena that it created a conflict in him. Ethan is also hesitant to leave his sickly wife for he believes that if he went away it would leave Zeena alone and penniless. Even in the moment when Zeena went away, her presence was greatly felt in imagined visions and in the symbol of the cat.Conventionally, the parliamentary procedure upholds marriage as a sacred hamper and is, in fact, at the apex of the set social orders. A man and woman are joined in marriage it is protected by the norms of the society to keep the union intact. The critical eyes of the society is so that it could even permeate walls of intimate moments like the evening that Ethan and Mattie spent together when Zeena went away from the town to see a doctor. Their excitement tho ugh withered when the cat broke the dish and the looming figure of Zeena in their minds.Zeenas absence bear more encumbrance that her presence that conversation became impossible. The circumstance does not allow them to attempt to recreate a fantasy of life together, spending an evening as a husband and wife would. Their passion was shrouded by guilt and the unseen eyes of the society that both of them felt in the situation. As Ethan noted in the warm light room, with all its ancient implications of conformity and order, she (Mattie) seemed infinitely farther away from him and more unapproachable (54).Conformity and order in the living room reminded Ethan that it belongs to Zeena and Ethan and could never be Mattie and Ethan. And when Ethan crossed the line when showed the slightest act of passion by kissing a piece of cloth that she was sewing, Mattie was spurred into retreating, scared of the repercussions with the transgression made. Poverty also limited the illicit lovers fr om taking serious step in pursuing an adulterous affair. Mattie, for one, was in a very precarious condition being dependent on the Fromes for her cursory sustenance.Having nowhere else to go, she is also afraid of going into that kind of relationship with Ethan that could take away the refuge that she now has. Ethan, on the other hand, his duty to his wife and even to the Hales prevents him from acting on the situation like the loan that he planned to take from the Hale in able to elope with Mattie. Ethan did not simply yield his chance on love but he also sacrificed his ambitions just so he so-and-so fulfill his social duties.He had to give up his dream to move out of Starkfield and of becoming an engineer to care for his father, his mother and the farm. And upon the death of his mother, he end up in frustrated desire to fulfill his dreams for he was trapped in a marriage with a sickly wife whom he cannot bear to leave because of her condition. Though a sympathetic character, Ethan Frome can be also frustrating because of his lack determination to change the course of his life. He allows circumstances to take over him and did not decidedly pursue his interests and ambitions. give care the epitaph of the original Ethan Frome in the graveyard with his wife Endurance, he endures rather than act on his fate in pursuit of happiness and fulfillment. In his relationship with Mattie, alternatively of finding the courage to address his dilemma he opted for suicide with his lover, which he did not even decide on but took on upon the suggestion of Mattie. This was his only bold decision in the entire novel but this too ended up as a failure leaving him ruined and doom to live his entire life with an invalid lover and a controlling wife.Though Ethan is a sensitive and decent person he lacks emotional readiness and determination. Instead of mustering enough courage to defy conventions, he chose not to take decisions and face the consequences of it, The deadened vit ality of Ethan Frome from the decades of frustrations and his inability to rise up beyond the circumstances had left him in a situation where is not much difference between the Fromes up at the farm and the Fromes down in the graveyard.
Wednesday, May 22, 2019
Change in Male Role in the office 1960-Present Tradition onlyy the United States, along with the majority of the world has been a paternal society. The customary ph aloneic role, specifically in relation to the category, has been the learning ability of the household, the protector, and the provider. A males duty was unquestionably embodied in these three ideas, until the 1970s. The festering feminist stir upment of that clock time began to question and dis regulate these roles as furbish uply belonging to a service human, and the male role in society slowly began to shift.Instead of be the sole breadwinner for his home, families with both running(a) p atomic number 18nts select become change magnitudely more common. Women in the workforce drive home allowed arrests to spend more time at home with their children and helping out around the house. Over the last 50 years the male role has changed drastically, and while non all of the changes that have spudn place ar e bad, the all everyplaceall effect of these changes on society has been a negative one, creating a generation of comelessness, increased crime, and a general deficiency of discover for federal agency in any form.For generations it has been a mans responsibility to provide for his family. Women were rarely even accepted into the workforce until after WWII. However, political sympathies encouragement for women to grave the labor force during the war, in combining with the rising feminist accomplishment started a tidal wave movement of women pursuing higher(prenominal) education and aweers. Women before long make up the majority of the workforce and 60% of all college graduates (Rosin). Donnalyn Pompper, a professor at Temple University, expands on this further in her article nearly the manly gender role conflict theory.She explains that that after WWII, the increased female social movement in the labor force destabilized the breadwinner role as a foundation for male ide ntity, and now men must accept working wives and a more active parental role (Pompper). And while it is veritable that the shift to affect opportunity in the workforce is al close universally agreed upon as a positive change, the balance and delicateness of the male psyche and egotism are seldom taken into consideration. For many men, the ability to provide for ones family is an integral part of the definition of masculinity.In interviews conducted by Dr. Pompper, when asked to individually define masculinity, a reoccurring theme in both the younger and older men interviewed was the ability to provide for ones family. One of the young men interviewed said, Being masculine means you are able to look at your wife and say I got this. To be able to look at your kids and say Ive got you. That to me is the range of a function of masculinity world able, at the end of the day, to look at your family and say, get on my back, Ive got you the rest of the way. A nonher man expressed homoge neous feelings and said, I cipher that every guy feels like its his place not to be the stay home Dad (Pompper). Even in straightaways ahead thinking society, men are wired to be the provider. To take that role completely away is emasculating to him and leaves him feeling like he is unessential in the home. Although a family where, either both parents, or just the mother provide financially may be a little tough on the male ego, it is not detrimental. Provider is not the however established male role, protector and head of the house are equally important to the equation.The traditional man of the 1960s was indisputably the head of his home. There was a clear hierarchy, and while the husband and wife still often worked as a team, the culture of the time determined that a man was undeniably in charge of his home, and his family. In many ways, this has been one of the most distinct changes between the 1960s and 2012. Because men are no all-night the sole breadwinner for their home, they are required to spend a larger portion of their time taking an active role in the home. No longer is the kitchen and house only when a womans domain, but rather shared by both parties.Men are expected to help out around the house and with the children, as much as women are. The idea of team parenting has evolved and taken root in todays society, and has had excellent outcomes. Research has shown that children who are raised by dickens parents (a mother and a father specifically) have greater cognitive ability and success localizes than children whose fathers are absent or set-apart (Hofferth). This style of parents working together as a team to raise their children has been a great strategy, but looking at the big picture, it is shown that Team parenting has in any case unknowingly created near problems.Studies have shown that a childs success throughout their life is largely dependent on the structure of their childhood (Hofferth). granted that mens taking a more proactive role in the home and in the lives of their children is a total thing, the way that it has been approached has been problematic because it has undermined the hierarchy of the home. Similar to a mans need to be the provider is the need to be the protector of his home. In addition, a man is not the only one who craves a distinctive hierarchy in the home, so do the children. According to Dr. David Bjorklund and Dr.Anthony Pellegrini, children need a clear authority record. Often times by approaching parenting as a team and as equals, the mother and father undermine each others authority (Bjorklund, Pellegrini). Furthermore, without a specific and be role, the position of father has been diminished as unimportant. For generations men have been noted as head of the house, and hailed for that important position. However, without that distinct role to play, it begins to seem like theyre participation is uncalled-for as their wife is obviously much better suited to caring for and developing relationship with a child.These personal misgivings in combination with the media reinforcing the idea that the father role is superfluous, are huge contributors to why more and more fatherlessness is becoming the social epidemic of the generation (Pompper). This is an important issue that needs to be addressed, because Fathers are vital to the family unit. In their article about the role of fathers in childrens development, Amanda Quesenberry M. Ed. , Michaelene M. Ostrosky Ph. D. , and Robert Corso Ph. D. , note Fathers are critical members of the family system who influence their children and their families in unique ways (Quesenberry, Ostrosky, Corso).The article states that even in todays society, fathers hold a huge amount of influence over society, enough that their presence and involvement is necessary to not only the success of the family as a unit, but as well as to the individual children. However, since the importance of fathers and fatherhood has not be en stressed, and in feature the opposite has been emphasized, approximately one out of every 3 children does not have an active father or father figure in their lives (Hofferth). bridal and affection from a father or father figure is vital to a childs cognitive development, and recent statistics how that behavioural problems among children, adolescents, and young adults with no active father in their lives are far greater than those of children living with both a father and a mother (Quesenberry, Ostrosky, Corso), and also tend to grapple with one or more of the following issues personality and psychological adjustment problems, behavioral problems (including aggression towards battalion and animals, property destruction, deceitfulness, and theft), delinquency, and psychopathology (substance abuse, depression) (Rohner).The rate of violent crimes have gone up roughly 300% since the 1960s, and of the juveniles who have been incarcerated for serious crimes 70% of them have been ra ised with no real father figure. In addition, 70% of all girls who become pregnant were raised without fathers (Lykken). These alarming numbers demonstrate the profound effect a father can have on the development, and therefore incoming of a child. The final issue that has come out of males displacement from his traditional roles is a generation with no wish for authority. Teachers are having increasing difficulties with classroom control.Students no longer have it ingrained in them to respect their elders, and as a result dont care what the teacher or the principal say. Because initiate is no longer a priority to students like this, the drop out rate has increased significantly, with just over half of all dropouts being fatherless (Lykken). In todays economy, it is next to im manageable to find a job without at least a high school diploma, and employers no longer have to put up with any employee who cannot do what they are told, because there is someone who would be happy to tak e their place who most likely has more experience or education and can do what they are told.To conclude, while equal opportunity is beneficial and has helped to move our society forward, it has also drastically changed the traditional male role. And while some of these changes are good ones, they unfortunately have had negative effects due to peoples ignorance of the possible consequences. For example, it is good that women have been able to pursue their goals and passions in the workforce, and it is good that men are able to help out more at home. However, what is not good is that men have become completely displaced from many of the roles that, to them, define them as men.The way their roles have changed has slowly and subconsciously emasculated and caused them to dubiousness their importance and point in the family unit, which in turn has led to a growing number of fatherless children, increased crime rate, and a lack of respect for any mannequin of authority. Works Cited Bjo rklund, David F, and Anthony D. Pellegrini. Child culture and Evolutionary Psychology. Child Development. 71. 6 (2000) 1687-708. Print. 05 Mar. 2012 Hofferth, Sandra L. Residential Father Family Type and Child Well-Being Investment Versus Selection. Demography. 43. 1 (2006) 53-77. Print. 03 Mar. 2012. Pompper, Donnalyn. Masculinities, the Metrosexual, and Media Images Across Dimensions of climb on and Ethnicity. Sex Roles. 63 (2010) 9-10. Print. 05 Mar. 2012. Quesenberry, Amanda, Michaelene Ostrosky, and Robert Corso. Skilled and Knowledgeable Caregivers the Role of Fathers in Supporting Young Childrens Development. Young Exceptional Children. 10. 4 (2007) 11-19. Print. 05 Mar. 2012. Rohner, Ronald P. Father sexual love and Child Development History and Current Evidence. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 7. 5 (1998) 157-161. Print. 03 Mar. 2012. Rosin, Hanna. The End of Men. July-Aug. 2010. The Atlantic. Web. 03 Mar. 2012.Change in Male Role in the Home 1960-Pres entChange in Male Role in the Home 1960-Present Traditionally the United States, along with the majority of the world has been a patriarchal society. The customary male role, specifically in relation to the home, has been the head of the household, the protector, and the provider. A males duty was unquestionably embodied in these three ideas, until the 1970s. The growing feminist movement of that time began to question and displace these roles as solely belonging to a man, and the male role in society slowly began to shift.Instead of being the sole breadwinner for his home, families with two working parents have become increasingly more common. Women in the workforce have allowed fathers to spend more time at home with their children and helping out around the house. Over the last 50 years the male role has changed drastically, and while not all of the changes that have taken place are bad, the overall effect of these changes on society has been a negative one, creating a generation of fatherlessness, increased crime, and a general lack of respect for authority in any form.For generations it has been a mans responsibility to provide for his family. Women were rarely even accepted into the workforce until after WWII. However, government encouragement for women to enter the labor force during the war, in combination with the rising feminist movement started a tidal wave movement of women pursuing higher education and careers. Women currently make up the majority of the workforce and 60% of all college graduates (Rosin). Donnalyn Pompper, a professor at Temple University, expands on this further in her article about the masculine gender role conflict theory.She explains that that after WWII, the increased female presence in the labor force destabilized the breadwinner role as a basis for male identity, and now men must accept working wives and a more active parental role (Pompper). And while it is true that the shift to equal opportunity in the workforce is almos t universally agreed upon as a positive change, the balance and delicateness of the male psyche and ego are seldom taken into consideration. For many men, the ability to provide for ones family is an integral part of the definition of masculinity.In interviews conducted by Dr. Pompper, when asked to individually define masculinity, a reoccurring theme in both the younger and older men interviewed was the ability to provide for ones family. One of the young men interviewed said, Being masculine means you are able to look at your wife and say I got this. To be able to look at your kids and say Ive got you. That to me is the epitome of masculinitybeing able, at the end of the day, to look at your family and say, get on my back, Ive got you the rest of the way. Another man expressed similar feelings and said, I think that every guy feels like its his place not to be the stay home Dad (Pompper). Even in todays forward thinking society, men are wired to be the provider. To take that role completely away is emasculating to him and leaves him feeling like he is unnecessary in the home. Although a family where, either both parents, or just the mother provide financially may be a little tough on the male ego, it is not detrimental. Provider is not the only established male role, protector and head of the house are equally important to the equation.The traditional man of the 1960s was indisputably the head of his home. There was a clear hierarchy, and while the husband and wife still often worked as a team, the culture of the time dictated that a man was undeniably in charge of his home, and his family. In many ways, this has been one of the most distinct changes between the 1960s and 2012. Because men are no longer the sole breadwinner for their home, they are required to spend a larger portion of their time taking an active role in the home. No longer is the kitchen and house exclusively a womans domain, but rather shared by both parties.Men are expected to help out ar ound the house and with the children, as much as women are. The idea of team parenting has evolved and taken root in todays society, and has had excellent outcomes. Research has shown that children who are raised by two parents (a mother and a father specifically) have greater cognitive ability and success rates than children whose fathers are absent or uninvolved (Hofferth). This style of parents working together as a team to raise their children has been a great strategy, but looking at the big picture, it is shown that Team parenting has also unknowingly created some problems.Studies have shown that a childs success throughout their life is largely dependent on the structure of their childhood (Hofferth). Given that mens taking a more proactive role in the home and in the lives of their children is a good thing, the way that it has been approached has been problematic because it has undermined the hierarchy of the home. Similar to a mans need to be the provider is the need to be the protector of his home. In addition, a man is not the only one who craves a distinctive hierarchy in the home, so do the children. According to Dr. David Bjorklund and Dr.Anthony Pellegrini, children need a clear authority figure. Often times by approaching parenting as a team and as equals, the mother and father undermine each others authority (Bjorklund, Pellegrini). Furthermore, without a specific and defined role, the position of father has been diminished as unimportant. For generations men have been noted as head of the house, and hailed for that important position. However, without that distinct role to play, it begins to seem like theyre participation is unnecessary as their wife is obviously much better suited to caring for and developing relationship with a child.These personal misgivings in combination with the media reinforcing the idea that the father role is superfluous, are huge contributors to why more and more fatherlessness is becoming the social epidemic of the generation (Pompper). This is an important issue that needs to be addressed, because Fathers are vital to the family unit. In their article about the role of fathers in childrens development, Amanda Quesenberry M. Ed. , Michaelene M. Ostrosky Ph. D. , and Robert Corso Ph. D. , note Fathers are critical members of the family system who influence their children and their families in unique ways (Quesenberry, Ostrosky, Corso).The article states that even in todays society, fathers hold a huge amount of influence over society, enough that their presence and involvement is necessary to not only the success of the family as a unit, but also to the individual children. However, since the importance of fathers and fatherhood has not been stressed, and in fact the opposite has been emphasized, approximately one out of every 3 children does not have an active father or father figure in their lives (Hofferth). Acceptance and affection from a father or father figure is vital to a childs cognit ive development, and recent statistics how that behavioral problems among children, adolescents, and young adults with no active father in their lives are far greater than those of children living with both a father and a mother (Quesenberry, Ostrosky, Corso), and also tend to deal with one or more of the following issues personality and psychological adjustment problems, behavioral problems (including aggression towards people and animals, property destruction, deceitfulness, and theft), delinquency, and psychopathology (substance abuse, depression) (Rohner).The rate of violent crimes have gone up roughly 300% since the 1960s, and of the juveniles who have been incarcerated for serious crimes 70% of them have been raised with no real father figure. In addition, 70% of all girls who become pregnant were raised without fathers (Lykken). These alarming numbers demonstrate the profound effect a father can have on the development, and therefore future of a child. The final issue that ha s come out of males displacement from his traditional roles is a generation with no respect for authority. Teachers are having increasing difficulties with classroom control.Students no longer have it ingrained in them to respect their elders, and as a result dont care what the teacher or the principal say. Because school is no longer a priority to students like this, the drop out rate has increased significantly, with just over half of all dropouts being fatherless (Lykken). In todays economy, it is next to impossible to find a job without at least a high school diploma, and employers no longer have to put up with any employee who cannot do what they are told, because there is someone who would be happy to take their place who most likely has more experience or education and can do what they are told.To conclude, while equal opportunity is beneficial and has helped to move our society forward, it has also drastically changed the traditional male role. And while some of these change s are good ones, they unfortunately have had negative effects due to peoples ignorance of the possible consequences. For example, it is good that women have been able to pursue their goals and passions in the workforce, and it is good that men are able to help out more at home. However, what is not good is that men have become completely displaced from many of the roles that, to them, define them as men.The way their roles have changed has slowly and subconsciously emasculated and caused them to doubt their importance and purpose in the family unit, which in turn has led to a growing number of fatherless children, increased crime rate, and a lack of respect for any kind of authority. Works Cited Bjorklund, David F, and Anthony D. Pellegrini. Child Development and Evolutionary Psychology. Child Development. 71. 6 (2000) 1687-708. Print. 05 Mar. 2012 Hofferth, Sandra L. Residential Father Family Type and Child Well-Being Investment Versus Selection. Demography. 43. 1 (2006) 53-77. P rint. 03 Mar. 2012. Pompper, Donnalyn. Masculinities, the Metrosexual, and Media Images Across Dimensions of Age and Ethnicity. Sex Roles. 63 (2010) 9-10. Print. 05 Mar. 2012. Quesenberry, Amanda, Michaelene Ostrosky, and Robert Corso. Skilled and Knowledgeable Caregivers the Role of Fathers in Supporting Young Childrens Development. Young Exceptional Children. 10. 4 (2007) 11-19. Print. 05 Mar. 2012. Rohner, Ronald P. Father Love and Child Development History and Current Evidence. Current Directions in Psychological Science. 7. 5 (1998) 157-161. Print. 03 Mar. 2012. Rosin, Hanna. The End of Men. July-Aug. 2010. The Atlantic. Web. 03 Mar. 2012.
Tuesday, May 21, 2019
Millions of hoi polloi were dying and millions more than were about to die. perfect Democracy was a quarrel written and spoke by Carl Becker at the University of Virginia in 1941. At the time the unite States had incisively conjugate into War World II. Many tribe had little faith in the state of warfare and thought we were just throwing away lives. Becker was invited to the University of Virginia to deliver a language associated with the founder, Thomas Jefferson, but have no subject. According to l Becker the Ameri passel Revolution not only wanted to have unfreezedom from Great Britain but in any case wanted to establish a advanced and better reach of government, an ideal majority rule. Ideal democracy, a body of government that is created by the multitude, for the people and run by the people. Becker then proceeds to voice his opinions on this form of ideal democracy and our current democracy.Becker tenet in ideal democracy was that it was run of the people, by the people and for the people. However his view on real democracy is that it is a government of the people, run by politicians for groups that can return their own interest taken cared for. Over the years the line between what Beckers belief of ideal democracy and real democracy, that Thomas Jefferson tried so hard to protect, were starting to become a blur. Becker saw an opportunity to change the viewpoints of some Americans by starting with this talk for the University of Virginia students and staff.One of Carl Beckers many points of writing this vocabulary was to bring awareness of what we were fighting for at the time of war world II. At the time many Americans didnt believe in the war and had doubts about getting involved. Becker saw what the war was protecting. Becker saw that it was protecting the little things e rattlingone in the nation took for granted, our democracy. In 1776 the fall in States and their founding fathers declaredtheir independence from Great Britain t o establish freedom. The founding fathers, including Thomas Jefferson, put everything on the line for their vision of a new free world.On December 7th 1941, Japan threated the founding fathers vision of a new free world by attacking Pearl Harbor on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. On December 8th 1941, the United States even though they were already fighting declared war offici ally. One point in his rescue he compares Napoleon, Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler to democracy explaining that, if this what we mean by democracy, then around all forms of government are democratic, since virtually all governments, except in the time of revolution, rest upon the explicit or implicit consent of the people (Becker, 148). In the eyes of Becker losing the war meant losing democracy and everything the great nation of the United States had worked so hard to get in the first place.Through out the speech Carl Becker kept a very formal wording to insure to his audience, the American people, that he was respecting the topic. Ideal democracy is a very important topic and by keeping a formal diction, it showed his audience that he understood how much this topic affected them. Becker was very technical in his speech given. Becker also understood that the more technical he could be the more specific he could be. This also meant that the audience could listen to his speech and know that he knows what he is talk about. Becker made many references to other authors interchangeable James Bryce and his work Modern Democracies. Bryce was a British academic, justness and historian who at one point in his life was the British ambassador for the United States.Bryce had a similar idea to Becker where, power will be shared by all, and a career move over to all-alike (Bryce, 48). By Becker referring to a well know academic and historian he has now appealed to the audiences ethos. Becker also touches on the subject of Napoleon, Stalin, Mussolini, and Hitler and how if we adoptt fight in this war we will fall away everything we have worked for this is appealing to the audiences pathos. In one other part of Beckers speech he says, In the twelfth and thirtieth centuries certain favorably placed medieval cities enjoyed a footmark of self government, but in roughly instances it was soon replaced by the dictatorship of militaryconquerors(Becker, 150).Becker continues to go on with more and more detail about the twelfth and thirtieth centuries loading the audiences with facts. All of these facts are a clear link to the audiences sense of logos. In most of Beckers Sentence they defend subordinate clause as well as an self-sufficient clause. Clearly not all of the sentences were like this however most of them were complex sentences. For example Becker wrote, From this brief survey it is obvious that, taking the experience of humanity as a test, democracy has as yet had but a limited and temporary advantage(151). Of course not all of Beckers sentences were like this, there were signs of all four types. The next most notable would by the simple sentences, with only an independent clause. There are several examples of these in the speech as well.Over the course of Beckers speech there were many other authors Becker chooses to include in his speech. Some of these authors were James Mill, and James Bryce. According to James Mill, He thought that when the legislature no yearner represented a class interest, it would aim at the general interest, honestly and with adequate wisdom since the people would be sufficiently under the guidance of educated intelligence (Mill, 74). This directly links Mills statement with Carl Beckers statement, Napoleon called his government a democratic empire, but no one, least of all Napoleon himself, doubted that he had destroyed the last vestiges of the democratic republican. Carl Beckers thoughts and ideas are expressed almost exactly how he wanted them to be through someone elses words, James Mill.Becker started to bring th e idea sticker of ideal democracy just because past civilizations couldnt keep democracy does not mean that the United States is just going to give it away. Becker compares the most ideal version of democracy there is and explains how the United States also does not have the perfect form of it either. Becker explains how the United States democracy is for special interest groups and not for the people. Becker wants democracy run of the people, by the people and for the people however the United States current government is of the people, run by politicians for groups that can get their own interest taken cared for. He wants to happen change.Becker did an amazing job when he wrote this speech clearly thinking of every possible thing. He gets right off the bat and explains that if we dont fight in this war we will lose our democracy and everything we take for granted. In his speech he keeps a very respectful and formal tone, as the current form of government and war are a very touch y subject for most people. Becker includes several examples for the audiences, which was the university of Virginia students and staff, to relate with ethos, pathos, and logos. His sentence body structure was very complex often with a subordinate clause as well as an independent clause. Becker related and brought in quotes from several other authors who all illustrated his point very well. Becker also wanted to see while we were fighting for this form of democracy that we shouldnt be happy with what we have but reach to get that perfect, ideal, form of democracy.Works CitedThe Purdue OWL. Purdue U Writing Lab, 2014. https//owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/. September 18, 2014.NNDB.CarlBecker, 2014. http//www.nndb.com/people/461/000099164/ September 18, 2014Becker, Carl. Ideal Democracy. Virginia Becker, 1941. SpeechMill, John. Autobiography. Columbia press, 1924. BookBryce, James. Beckers notes. N/A Becker 1923. Notes
Monday, May 20, 2019
Beyond 2007, the pace of economic growth depart probably bleak somewhat. The main reason is that the labor force is projected to grow less quickly as members of the baby-boom contemporaries begin to retire and as the scheduled expiration of various tax provisions in 2011 discourages fit by raising marginal tax strays. Real GDP is projected to grow at an fairish annual rate of 3. 1 part between 2008 and 2011 and at 2. 6 shareage between 2012 and 2016. The rate of inflation is assumed to average 2.2 percent after 2007 and the unemployment rate, 5. 2 percent. Interest rates on three-month and 10-year Treasury securities are projected to average 4. 4 percent and 5. 2 percent, respectively (Marron 6). Over the daylong term, the aging of the U. S. population combined with rapidly rising wellness bang costs will put in significant strains on the federal cipher, which begin to be evident within the projection period. When the first members of the baby-boom multiplication reach age 62 in 2008, they will become eligible for Social Security benefits.As a result, the annual rate of growth of Social Security consumption is expected to increase from rough 4. 8 percent in 2008 to 6. 5 percent in 2016. In addition, because the cost of health care is likely to continue rising rapidly, the annual rate of growth of Medicare spending is projected to increase from 7. 4 percent in 2008 to about 8. 9 percent in 2016. (Medicare spending is anticipated to rise by 17 percent this year and 14 percent in 2007 as the new prescription do drugs program gets under way.) Rapid growth is also projected for Medicaid spendingan average of 8. 3 percent annually from 2008 to 2016. According to Congressional Budget Office, Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid together will account for 56 percent of all federal spending by the end of the projection period (up from 43 percent in 2006). Measured as a share of the economy, spending for the three programs will equal 10. 8 percent of GD P in 2016, up from 8. 7 percent this year.In addition, no evidence suggests that the growth of health care costs, which have risen faster than GDP over the past four decades, is likely to impenetrable significantly in the future. As a result, spending for Social Security, Medicare, and Medicaid will exert pressures on the budget that economic growth alone is unlikely to alleviate. A substantial reduction in the growth of spending and perhaps a sizable increase in taxes as a share of the economy will be necessary for fiscal stability to be at all likely in the advent decades.ReferencesBaker, Gerard. U. S. economy may be headed for a big crash. The Times of London. August 23, 2006. 23 Aug 2006. Barrell, Ray et al. realism Economy Forecast. National Institute Economic Review. 28th July, 2006. No. 197. Baumohl, Bernard. Mid-Year U. S. Economic Forecasts For 2006 and 2007. Wharton School Publishing. June 15, 2006. 23 Aug 2006.
Sunday, May 19, 2019
Personal and Team Effectiveness is a big topic and I, personally commemorate that need is very important in the business world. I think it is a must to provide motivation for the workers. If the workers are more motivated to complete the task, it end increase the productivity and effectiveness of the company. This is the reason why we all want to motivate our workers to exert their opera hat effort. Not only in the business world, is motivation everywhere.Parents always motivate their children to study hard by offering small presents. For example, I remember when I was young, my parents often rewarded me by visiting Ocean third estate if I achieved good results in the exams. This worked and I was motivated to study harder and harder as I really treasured to go to Ocean Park. It is the same in the business world. If we want to motivate the employees to improve their performance, we commit to impart them some rewards.For example, the Incentive Compensation Program implemented in some companies has good effects. In this program, workers who have excellent performance can be rewarded a certain amount of bonus. Apart from bonus, I think good welfare systems, good working environment, good relationship with colleagues are ways to motivate the workers. every(prenominal) the above motivation we have talked nearly is extrinsic. It is provided by the third party, i. e. comes from outside of the individual.Besides extrinsic motivation, intrinsic motivation is also a way to motivate the workers. This refers to motivation that is driven by an interest or fun in the task itself, and exists within the individual rather than relying on any external source. In fact, tribe who are intrinsically motivated are more likely to improve their skills, and hence the performance. In my childhood, by from my parents reward systems, I was also motivated by myself.I liked Mathematics so I go down much effort on it and did a lot of Mathematics exercise. This was due to my own interest. In the workplace, if the workers enthral the task, they will exert their best effort in order to achieve excellent. No matter it is about studies or careers, intrinsic motivation is important. To conclude, motivation is everywhere in the world. If we want to achieve better results, it is a must for us to think about what motivation can be applied. If people are more motivated, they perform much better.
Saturday, May 18, 2019
Management of any project requires the management and evanesceers skills for it to be successful. Projects be initiated to solve a specific problem which has been identified and they exist at heart a limited fourth dimension frame. Most of the time, projects have to operate under the constraints of a limited budget and resources so they have to be completed to name the problems they were designed for.People initiate and implement projects and a bargain of team toy and good leadership is needed for their completion. When one trims in an institution, there will always be a manager who is in charge to see that the goals and objectives of the organization argon achieved. Managers, who ar accountable to the owners, have to ensure that the objectives are fulfilled within a limited time and budget.Team work is very vital at work places and different individuals have to work harmoniously to achieve the goals and objectives akin(predicate) to execution of projects (Landes, 2007). If anyone is in management at work they need to apply different types of leadership to address different problems that face the organization. It is crucial for the manager to have a good knowledge of the organization as it helps him in dealing with challenges that face it daily.Managers provide leadership which concerns itself with influencing people in places of work to achieve current things that are vital for the success of the organization. Problems that need to be solved daily in places of work are like projects since they require unique solutions which have to be executed within a span of time (Landes, 2007).When an organization comes up with its objectives and goals aimed at improving or boosting its performance specific labours are distributed among the employees. Management in a places of work concerns it self with drafting a budget that is strictly followed to ensure its success.Every task that is delegated to an employee has a strict deadline that must be observed. Man agement skills are very crucial in places of work as they ensure that the organization runs smoothly and there is no conflict. Like in projects people shirk a vital role in the achievement of all the goals and objectives of the organization.A lot of challenges are experienced when act to manage people at work places and the relationship of those in the helm of leadership in an organization and the led is a key determinant of its failure or success.Leadership in places of work can propel workers to achieve the goals that have been laid out within a limited span of time and within a certain budget. Management in places of work concerns itself with management of people, ensuring customers are satisfied, working with colleagues, and ensuring the creation of environments that are conducive for workers to give an excellent performance in the confines of a budget and on limited time superseding the expectations of stake holders (Landes, 2007).The applications of this module are very rel evant in any place of work. in that respect are many aspects in work places that need intensive attentions and a lot of planning to perfect the performance and the project management skills can be utilized in such instances. The management and leadership skills that see the completion of projects to satisfactory levels come in handy in work life when apply at all levels. People are vital in both work places and projects and they can lead to success or failure of either.BibliographyLandes, C. 2007, Project management skills in startups, retrieved on April 1, 2009, from https//www.startupnation.com/forums/3327/1/1/ marking
Friday, May 17, 2019
This prove tested the Earth and how the bio-geochemical steering wheels inwardly it rely on each other. The wrenchs relied on the ground for shelter and the congeal for oxygen. The Ecosphere overly evaluated limiting factors within an ecosystem because the bottle used was a small, contained environment. For example, one of the three worms had died because it got stuck between the set and the look of the bottle. This is a limiting factor in terms of space if there was more space for the worm this would non have happened.Question If one producer and one consumer are to maintain a viable ecosystem in a bottle, how long will they survive?Hypothesis I believe the outcome of the experiment will be that all of the worms will survive and the plant will not. The worms will survive because I will be feeding them sawdust, their desired food, and they will have plenty of dirt to wiggle round in. The plant, however, will not survive because the plants resources are limited. The taint roam into the ecosphere is not spillage to be changed out, therefore the nutrients in it will diminish.Background Information The EcoSphere is a display of a workings ecological system. While it is beautiful to view, it also demonstrates the delicate balance of a closed ecosystem like the Earth. Contained within the completely sealed glass is a small variety of biota living in a filtered environment.The EcoSphere contains some of the same essential elements that are found on our planet. The Earth is represented by the soil at the bottom. Fire is the light, which streams in each day. Finally, life the worms, plant and microbes that live in the EcoSphere.The EcoSpheres biological cycle represents a simple version of Earths own ecosystem. Light together with nose candy dioxide in the water enables the plant to produce oxygen by photosynthesis. The worms breathe the oxygen in the ahir firearm nibbling on the sawdust which is fed to them and bacterium. The bacteria break down the animal waste into nutrients, which the plant utilizes.The worms and bacteria also give off carbon dioxide, which the plant again use to produce oxygen. And so the cycle renews itself.Materials one 1 liter ampere-second bottle with cap one plant (bought from pet store) 3 Super Worms 2 cups of soil water sunlight sawdust (food) scissors duct tape notebook to record dataProcedure All the materials were collected. Then, a scissor was used to cut a half moon shaped opening in the pop off of the bottle, approximately 1 inch below the cap. Next, half the soil was pored into the opening. Then the plant was placed into the soil, spell poring the other half over the bottom of the plant to ensure proper growth. After, 3 super worms were put into the Ecosphere with some sawdust. The EcoSphere was taped shut and placed on a windowsill with good sunlight exposure. Data was enter at that moment and e actuallyday, for 20 days, following.Analysis My hypothesis was very incorrect. Two s uperworms ended up surviving, while the plant was wilting and struggling. One superworm died due to it getting stuck. Unable to get out, I assume it died of starvation or hypothermia because the worms spent all of their time under the soil. I believe the plant wilted because it did not have enough space and oxygen inside of the EcoSphere.During the experiment, I believe the EcoSphere was knocked off the window. This could have hindered the plants growth also. The plant could have been up-rooted during the fall causing its deterioration.Conclusion In conclusion, the EcoSphere project is outstanding to our curriculum because it evaluates the bio-geochemical cycles, as well as tests limiting factors. An error made with this experiment was it being knocked over. This was very detrimental to the worms and could have been fatal for the plant.
Thursday, May 16, 2019
Strategies - Essay ExampleA leader should always be aware that their emotional instability shows in the group through frustration and low morale (Goleman, Boyatziz and McKee, 2013). concord to Goleman, Boyatziz & McKee (2013) there are different types of leaders. Discordant leaders are those who are non in get together with their group emotions. The negative impact, a discordant leader, can have on the group, include internal rage and rage, frustration and lack of focus on tasks. Harmony and understanding are part of a arduous working unit.According to Goleman, Boyatziz & McKee (2013) the brain is in charge of many functions within the body. One of them includes hormones that generate superior emotions or those that create awful emotions. A leaders frame of mind is related to how the brain operates. An emotionally able leader can be a powerful tool in stirring, awakening impatience and enthusiasm in people. Leadership Leading At the EdgeThe most important aspect of Shackletons leadership according to Stokes (2006) is primal leadership highlighted in Emotional Intelligence (EI). Primal leadership refers to the most essential act of leadership which means acting as the groups emotional leader slice eliminating emotions that are negative and unhealthy for the group.According to Ainsberg (2010) to create movement and momentum Shackleton found that although you are not able to influence what happens to you, you can choose how you handle the situation. Instead of giving up and allowing self-pity to take over, Shackleton chose to make and inspire himself and his men in order to r all(prenominal) their goal.According to Ainsberg (2010) the main goal was to keep the emotions and strong drink of the group up. Shackleton encouraged the crew to sing songs and play music that can act as a method of unifying and keeping attitudes positive. Through these actions, the group can connect and become closer to each
Wednesday, May 15, 2019
The role of motivation in management - Essay Example affix WWII, the concepts of mass production, economy and scale, and uniform production methods brought businesses to leadership in their respective fields. During these years the labor pussycat was made up most significantly of men who growed to be successful by pursual orders and following through until they were told differently. This is a mindset which created an effective military machine, and brought economic success back to their berth country.However, todays labor pool is significantly different. The dressers atomic number 18 educated, and have been taught to think as well as work. Todays workers privation to know, and to some extent feel affiliated to the why behind their tasks as well as the what of their daily tasks. To a great extent, these workers no longer hold to the ideals of the previous generation, and are no longer motivated to work for a secure paycheck, and a 30 year career path. Todays workers are looki ng for an emotional connection, or what researchers call a psychological contract (Clair et. al, 2001) between themselves and their employers in order to feel personally connected to their position. Hence, business a usual, expecting workers to be satisfied by following orders and completing tasks, is no longer a corporate culture which will build a successful organization.CF&F may non yet realize the problems for which it is headed. Surrounded by a corporate culture which has successfully built the organization, the CEO, identity card and other top executives may not yet be aware of the extent to which the employee dissatisfaction can bring down the organization. We could say that the organization must tame the unruly beast of employee unrest before it begins to negatively instill production, quality, and profits. The company needs to tame the problem before the organization begins to suffer profit decay out-of-pocket to increased costs associated with increased turnover. The following passs will use the acronym T.A.M.E. to form a recommendation for change. For the epoch of this recommendation, T.A.M.E. stands forTransformation of the company culture by training upper and middle management in transformational leadership. potency disbursement from the hands of the upper management to the department heads and workers.Mentoring transformational leaders at every level. They will learn within a measured level of accountability how to lead and transform those under themEmpowerment of for each one department to control their immediate environment and business variables in order to maximize efficiency, and employee moral. Basis for the recommendationTom Peters and Robert Waterman published Mc Kinneys 7-S Model in their article Structure Is Not arrangement (1980) and in In Search of Excellence (1982). The model starts on the premise that an organization is not conscionable structure, but consists of seven elementsThose seven elements are differentiated into so called hard Ss and soft Ss. The hard elements (green circles) are feasible and easy to identify. They can typically be found in strategy statements, corporate plans, and organisational charts. The four soft Ss however, are less
Tuesday, May 14, 2019
Freedom of Expression and Social Norms in the Second Life - Essay exemplarAlthough the realistic world has been in existence for quite some time, its significance had not been clear until I read the book by Boellstroff. I trueized that the virtual world means more than undecomposed intercourse to its residents. Freedom of communication and expression is the primary force behind the existence of the virtual world. talk in the real world is usually subject to communication barriers due to differences in cultural, ethnic, social, and personal communication skills. However, this is not the case in virtual worlds such as second life. In the virtual world, a person or resident has the ability to choose an identity unlike in the real world. This makes it come-at-able for slew to communicate freely in the virtual world irrespective of their social norms in the real world. By being able to choose a race, color, gender, profession, social class, and other factors, many barriers are el iminated, at least to some extent. Absolute freedom in the virtual world is limited due to factors such as language barrier, internet connectivity, among others.The capability to choose ones identity in the virtual world is also significant in the enhancement of anonymity in the virtual world. From the book, I learned that lack of identity in the virtual world is of great importance in the enhancement of communication. In the virtual world, nation have the choice to remain anonymous. This makes it possible to express themselves freely unlike in the real world. I was surprised to learn that in the virtual world it is possible to maintain a friendship with your best real friend anonymously. Most importantly, it is possible to interact freely with your enemies and other people who are out of reach in the real world. The author of the book emphasizes this point by stating that people can hide their identity to the extent of their genders (Boelstroff, 2008 61).
Monday, May 13, 2019
Uderstand the source of finance avlible to a business - Research newspaper ExampleThe finance requirements for meeting such type of expenses argon generally long term in nature. A confederacy can rely upon both its internal and external sources for meeting financial backing requirements (Beck, Levine and Loayza, 2000).In external sources of financing, a third party gets involved in meeting monetary requirements of a company. away sources of financing accrue cost to the business in respect of their obtainment. The external sources can be of long, brusque or medium term. Short-term sources of external financing are generally of less than a yrs duration, before it becomes accrued for repayment. Some of the short-term sources of finance are discussed as follows (Beck and Demirguc-Kunt, 2006).Trade creditors are the most common type of short-term finance option, which is available for small, medium and large organizations. Trade creditors rear to the purchase of different items on credit. In this type of a transaction, suppliers allow the business a reliable period of lag in payment for the goods purchased. Business can take advantage of the extra while period and invest money elsewhere for generating higher gross.Factoring is some other method of short-term financing whereby a company can receive funds earlier than the due date of its debts. A company may have a large number of debtors, who have purchased goods on credit. As a result, revenue from sales is earned only after a considerable period of time. Fund, therefore, gets trapped for a long-lived period, harming firms liquidity position. Factoring helps a company to procure the finance trapped in credit by way of providing value of debts as security to the factor agent (Goldstein, Ju and Leland, 2001).Discounting of invoice is another very popular means of obtaining short-term credit facilities. In this type of a financing arrangement, a company exchanges its receivable invoices with a finance house, which provides the business with immediate cash. The cash provided is